Plymouth Sutton by-election, 1919

The Plymouth Sutton by-election, 1919 was a parliamentary by-election held on 28 November, 1919[1] for the British House of Commons constituency of Sutton in the city of Plymouth, Devon.
The seat had become vacant when the constituency’s Conservative Member of Parliament (MP), Waldorf Astor, succeeded the peerage as the second Viscount Astor on the death of his father on 18 October 1919.
Astor had held the seat since the 1918 general election, and its predecessor Plymouth since the December 1910 general election.

Contents

1 Candidates
2 Results
3 Votes
4 See also
5 References

Candidates[edit]

The Conservative Party selected as its candidate Astor’s wife Nancy, Lady Astor. She was also the candidate of the Coalition Government.
The Asquithian Liberals stood Isaac Foot, who had served on Plymouth City Council and had previously contested Totnes and Bodmin.
W. T. Gay stood for Labour, having done so in the 1918 election. Thomas William Mercer again served as his agent.[2]

Results[edit]
Lady Astor retained the seat. She became the first woman to take up her seat in the Commons (the first woman to be elected, Countess Markievicz, the Sinn Féin MP for Dublin St Patrick’s, refused to take her seat).
Votes[edit]

Plymouth Sutton by-election, 1919

Party
Candidate
Votes
%
±

Coalition Conservative
Lady Astor
14,495

Labour
William Thomas Gay
9,292

Liberal
Isaac Foot
4,139

Majority
5,203

Turnout

Coalition Conservative hold
Swing

General Election 1918: Plymouth Sutton

Party
Candidate
Votes
%
±

Coalition Conservative
Waldorf Astor
17,091

N/A

Labour
William Thomas Gay
5,334

N/A

Liberal
Capt. Sidney Ransom
3,488

N/A

Majority
11,757

Turnout

59.6
N/A

Conservative hold
Swing
N/A

See also[edit]

List of United Kingdom by-elections
Plymouth Sutton constituency

References[edit]

Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
Leigh Rayment’s Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with “P” (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]

^ http://www.qub.ac.uk/cawp/UKhtmls/RecordsUK.htm
^ Joyce Bellamy, “Mercer, Thomas William (1884-1947)”, Dictionary of Labour Biography, vol.I, pp.238-239

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1919

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